New in version 0.5.
Signal support is provided by the excellent blinker library. If you wish to enable signal support this library must be installed, though it is not required for MongoEngine to function.
Signals are found within the mongoengine.signals module. Unless specified signals receive no additional arguments beyond the sender class and document instance. Post-signals are only called if there were no exceptions raised during the processing of their related function.
Available signals include:
Called during the creation of a new
EmbeddedDocumentinstance, after the constructor arguments have been collected but before any additional processing has been done to them. (I.e. assignment of default values.) Handlers for this signal are passed the dictionary of arguments using the values keyword argument and may modify this dictionary prior to returning.
save()prior to performing any actions.
save()after validation has taken place but before saving.
save()after most actions (validation, insert/update, and cascades, but not clearing dirty flags) have completed successfully. Passed the additional boolean keyword argument created to indicate if the save was an insert or an update.
delete()prior to attempting the delete operation.
delete()upon successful deletion of the record.
Called after validation of the documents to insert, but prior to any data being written. In this case, the document argument is replaced by a documents argument representing the list of documents being inserted.
Called after a successful bulk insert operation. As per pre_bulk_insert, the document argument is omitted and replaced with a documents argument. An additional boolean argument, loaded, identifies the contents of documents as either
Documentinstances when True or simply a list of primary key values for the inserted records if False.
2.8.2. Attaching Events¶
After writing a handler function like the following:
import logging from datetime import datetime from mongoengine import * from mongoengine import signals def update_modified(sender, document): document.modified = datetime.utcnow()
class Record(Document): modified = DateTimeField() signals.pre_save.connect(update_modified)
While this is not the most elaborate document model, it does demonstrate the concepts involved. As a more complete demonstration you can also define your handlers within your subclass:
class Author(Document): name = StringField() @classmethod def pre_save(cls, sender, document, **kwargs): logging.debug("Pre Save: %s" % document.name) @classmethod def post_save(cls, sender, document, **kwargs): logging.debug("Post Save: %s" % document.name) if 'created' in kwargs: if kwargs['created']: logging.debug("Created") else: logging.debug("Updated") signals.pre_save.connect(Author.pre_save, sender=Author) signals.post_save.connect(Author.post_save, sender=Author)
Note that EmbeddedDocument only supports pre/post_init signals. pre/post_save, etc should be attached to Document’s class only. Attaching pre_save to an EmbeddedDocument is ignored silently.
def handler(event): """Signal decorator to allow use of callback functions as class decorators.""" def decorator(fn): def apply(cls): event.connect(fn, sender=cls) return cls fn.apply = apply return fn return decorator
Using the first example of updating a modification time the code is now much cleaner looking while still allowing manual execution of the callback:
@handler(signals.pre_save) def update_modified(sender, document): document.modified = datetime.utcnow() @update_modified.apply class Record(Document): modified = DateTimeField()